always happens in the present, the story is told in the present
tense. The film is a success, when the viewer is carried away
by the first weeks of the Continuation War as in "Ambush"
("Rukajärven tie") or puts his or her soul
into the love's grief of the 1800's as in the film "Sense
time means the running time of the film. Dramatic
time means the duration of the period depicted in the
film. Film time is flexible, since dramatic time can be shorter,
longer or equal to real time.
film lasting two hours in real time can depict a rather accurate
two hour event in dramatic time, as in Hitchcock's film 'Rope':
real time and dramatic time are of approximately same duration.
On the other hand, a film can portray a dramatic period of
several decades, as in Welles' "Citizen Kane". A
film can also stretch the real time, as in the staircase scene
of Eisenstein's 'Battleship Potemkin'. Then the real time
is shorter than the dramatic time.
Eisenstein: Battleship Potemkin (1925)
Hitchcock: Rope (1948)
Welles: Citizen Kane (1941).