or sound element binding shots
to each other.
continuity is mostly dictated by general physical qualifiers
the position of the actors and their movement in space in
relation to one another,
actions in relation to the cuts
dramaturgical continuity in relation to the plot/story.
illusion of continuity is usually shattered when the above-mentioned
details are not paid enough attention to (or it is intentionally
the other hand, the material may have no other possibility
than to deviate from the general continuity. This kind of
"errors" come, for example, when
position of actors changes from one shot to another
costumes change within a scene
the time of day changes etc.
can become familiar with these errors in, for example, Ed
Wood's films that are known for several (unintentional) continuity
D. Wood Jr: Plan 9 from Outer Space (1958).